Plant adaptation to the environment

Plant adaptation to the environment

Use the defense capacity of plants and their adaptability to adapt to the environment to improve yield and product quality, mitigate climate change and reduce inputs.

Study the response to environmental stresses, biotic and abiotic, to develop varieties adapted to diverse environments.

The SPS teams explore the adaptation mechanisms  of plants to their environment in order to optimize plant productivity under limiting conditions. They study in particular plant responses to water and thermal stress, their capacity to use mineral resources and their tolerance to diseases. These studies contribute to the development of plant varieties adapted to the changing climate and requiring less fertilizer and pesticide treatments.

Expertise in different environmental stresses

  • Response to water stress (duration, extent of the deficit, stage of development, high or low temperature, etc ...)
  • Response to thermal stress : adaptation of plants to  temperature changes in (heat, chilling)
  • Use efficiency of mineral resources : nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus,…
  • Resistance to pathogens : bacteria, viruses, fungi, pests (insects)

Teams related to this field of application (non-exhaustive list)

Team leader

Research Unit

Team name

Abdelhafid Bendahmane

IPS2

Flower and Carpel Development

Moussa Benhamed / Cécile Raynaud

IPS2

Cell Cycle Chromatin and Development

Jean Colcombet / Heribert Hirt

IPS2

Stress Signalling

Martin Crespi

IPS2

Regulatory non-coding RNAs in root plasticity

Sylvie Dinant

IJPB

Phloem,transport and signaling

Marie Dufresne

IPS2

Functional genomics of cereals-pathogen interactions

Mathilde Fagard

IJPB

Nitrogen-pathogen interactions

Matthieu Falque

GQE-Le Moulon

Mapping, Gene expression and Polymorphism

Denis Faure / Peter Mergaert

I2BC

Plant-Bacteria Interactions

Florian Frugier

IPS2

Signaling pathways controlling legume root system development

Valérie Gaudin

IJPB

Chromatin dynamics and gene regulation

Valérie Geffroy

IPS2

Genome Dynamics and Pathogen Infection

Carmela Giglione-Meinnel

I2BC

Protein Maturation, Cell Fate & Therapeutics

Marie-Angèle Grandbastien

IJPB

Host-Retrotransposon Interactions

Bertrand Hirel

IJPB

Management of nitrogen and crops productivity

Michael Hodges

IPS2

Regulation, Signaling and Metabolic Interactions

Diana Kirilovsky

I2BC

Regulatory Mechanisms in Photosynthetic Organisms

Anne Krapp

IJPB

Nitrogen Use, Transport and signaling

Olivier Loudet

IJPB

Variation and abiotic stress tolerance

Claire Lurin

IPS2

Organellar Gene Expression

Annie Marion-Poll

IJPB

Germination physiology

Marie-Laure Martin-Magniette

IPS2

Genomics Networks

Céline Masclaux-Daubresse

IJPB

Senescnece, Autophagy, Nutrient recycling and Nitrogen use efficiency

Grégory Mouille

IJPB

Cell to Cell adhesion and Communication

Graham Noctor

IPS2

Oxidative Stress, Redox Signaling and Chromatin

Pascal Ratet

IPS2

Genetic Control of the symbiosis

Matthieu Reymond

IJPB

Biomass quality and interactions with drought

Béatrice Satiat-Jeunemaître

I2BC

Dynamics of Cell Compartmentation in plant cells

Sébastien Thomine

I2BC

Integrated Approches to Ion Transport

Hervé Vaucheret

IJPB

Epigenetics and small RNAs

Gregory Vert

I2BC

Cellular Signaling and Ubiquitination

Modification date: 05 December 2023 | Publication date: 12 September 2014 | By: MM